India’s space agency, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), has once again proved its mettle with the successful launch of the X-ray Polarimeter Satellite (XPoSat). This remarkable achievement marks India’s entry into the elite group of nations conducting research on astronomical phenomena such as black holes, neutron stars, active galactic nuclei, pulsar wind nebulae, and more.
The XPoSat, the first dedicated scientific satellite from ISRO for space-based polarisation measurements of X-ray emission from celestial sources, was launched from the Sriharikota launch pad in Andhra Pradesh. With this milestone, India becomes the second country to send an observatory to study these intriguing cosmic phenomena.
The launch took place as ISRO’s polar satellite launch vehicle (PSLV) embarked on its 60th mission, lifting off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre. The XPoSat was launched into an eastward low inclination orbit, 650 km above the Earth’s surface. The successful mission was celebrated by ISRO Chairman S Somanath, who expressed his satisfaction with the outcome.
This achievement has earned praise from India’s political leaders as well. Prime Minister Narendra Modi commended the scientists behind the mission and highlighted the significance it holds for India’s space sector. The Prime Minister’s message reflects the nation’s excitement and anticipation for further advancements in this field.
The XPoSat is equipped with two crucial payloads: POLIX (Polarimeter Instrument in X-rays) and XSPECT (X-ray Spectroscopy and Timing). The former, developed by the Raman Research Institute in Bengaluru, is the first payload in the medium X-ray energy band dedicated to polarimetry measurements. The latter, created by the Space Astronomy Group of UR Rao Satellite Centre, provides fast timing and excellent spectroscopic resolution in soft X-rays.
To further amplify the mission’s impact, ISRO’s PSLV Orbital Experimental Module-3 was executed during the launch. This module enabled the release of ten additional payloads, including the Women Engineered Satellite built by the LBS Institute of Technology for Women in Thiruvananthapuram.
India’s leap into space research showcases the nation’s dedication to advancing scientific knowledge and technological capabilities. With ISRO at the forefront of these efforts, the country continues to push boundaries and solidify its position as a significant player in the global space exploration arena.
FAQ: Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)’s XPoSat Launch
Q: What is the recent achievement by ISRO?
A: ISRO has successfully launched the X-ray Polarimeter Satellite (XPoSat), marking India’s entry into the group of countries conducting research on celestial phenomena.
Q: Where was the XPoSat launched from?
A: XPoSat was launched from the Sriharikota launch pad in Andhra Pradesh, India.
Q: What is the significance of this milestone?
A: This launch makes India the second country to send an observatory to study phenomena like black holes, neutron stars, and active galactic nuclei.
Q: Which rocket was used for the launch?
A: The launch took place using ISRO’s polar satellite launch vehicle (PSLV), which was on its 60th mission.
Q: What are the key payloads on the XPoSat?
A: The XPoSat carries two key payloads: POLIX (Polarimeter Instrument in X-rays) and XSPECT (X-ray Spectroscopy and Timing).
Q: What is the purpose of POLIX?
A: POLIX is the first payload in the medium X-ray energy band dedicated to polarimetry measurements, developed by the Raman Research Institute.
Q: Who developed XSPECT and what does it provide?
A: XSPECT was created by the Space Astronomy Group of UR Rao Satellite Centre. It provides fast timing and excellent spectroscopic resolution in soft X-rays.
Q: Were there any additional payloads during the launch?
A: Yes, ISRO’s PSLV Orbital Experimental Module-3 was executed, enabling the release of ten additional payloads, including the Women Engineered Satellite.
Q: What is the response from India’s Prime Minister?
A: Prime Minister Narendra Modi praised the scientists behind the mission and emphasized the significance of the achievement for India’s space sector.
Q: What does this launch indicate about India’s space research?
A: India’s leap into space research demonstrates the nation’s commitment to advancing scientific knowledge and technological capabilities, with ISRO playing a key role.
For more information, visit the ISRO website.
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